Abuse and custody disputes: Scientific and Legal Issues
Note: the following references are provided for educational and informational purposes only. The views expressed in a specific article are those of the author or authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Leadership Council.
Scholarly Articles and Reviews
Scientific Studies Examining the Veracity of Sex Abuse Allegations in Child Custody Disputes - Are they more likely to be false?
Are Protective Parents Losing Custody to Alleged Abusers? Evidence shows that women who raise concerns about family violence during custody litigation run the risk of losing their children.
Parental Alienation Syndrome and Parental Alienation: Research Reviews. This paper provides a historical and research overview of PAS and PA, identifies strategic issues for advocates working with abused women and children, and offers guidelines to improve courts’ treatment of these issues.
Using a Child Custody Dispute to Discredit Sex Abuse Allegations. Several sex offenders in treatment describe how they used a child custody dispute to prevent or discredit abuse allegations. Originally posted on Colorado Department of Correction's website.
Custody Myths - Too often custody decisions are based on myth, misinterpretation of facts, and evaluator bias. This article provides an overview of some of the erroneous beliefs that contribute to the problem of children not being protected from abuse in family court.
Common Misconceptions in Addressing Domestic Violence in Child Custody Disputes - outlines seven misconceptions with respect to domestic violence and child custody that represent barriers to safety and accountability of women and children exposed to domestic violence.
General information on child sexual abuse
Factors influencing children to self-disclose sexual abuse. (PDF of Paine, M.L., & Hansen, D.J. (2002). Factors influencing children to self-disclose sexual abuse. Clinical Psychology Review, 22, 271-195; Copyright 2002, with permission from Elsevier)
Childhood sexual abuse factsheet by Emily M. Douglas and David Finkelhor
Eight Myths About Child Sexual Abuse - Misconceptions about child sexual abuse lead many people to be overly skeptical regarding allegations of child sexual abuse.
Resources to help protect children ' s safety, support families, and reduce the risk of future harm. Includes information on reporting suspected child abuse and neglect; intake, investigation, and assessment of reports; case management; and responding to child fatalities and families affected by child neglect, sexual abuse, domestic violence, and substance abuse.
Information on Parental Alienation Syndrome (PAS)
Legal and Ethical Issues
Legal Issues and Strategies
Legal Briefs on PAS filed by Justice for Children. Also includes a guide for dealing with PAS allegations for attorneys or pro se litigants.
Designed to acquaint women considering a divorce with general information about divorce and the law. Provides women, regardless of circumstances surrounding their divorce, with knowledge and resources to help ensure that their children, health, finances and safety are secure. (Legal Momentum, 2000)
Provides information, tips and resources regarding the specifics of child custody when domestic violence is an issue, applicable state and inter-state laws, Parental Alienation Syndrome, and the impact domestic violence has on children. (Legal Momentum, 2006)
An introduction to the judicial complaint process, which may be used when an individual believes that a judge presiding over her/his case acted inappropriately. (Legal Momentum, 2002)
Provides information and resources about developing a court-watch program for domestic violence and/or rape and sexual assault cases in your community. This information can also help individuals interested in establishing a court-watch program for any issue. (Legal Momentum, 2002)
A short guide explaining some things to keep in mind during your search for an attorney, including where to start, how to make a wise choice, an introduction to the client-attorney relationship, and what to do if you cannot afford an attorney. (Legal Momentum, 1999)
How to Find a Lawyer (Spanish) (Legal Momentum, 1998)
At RateTheCourts.com, visitors may anonymously complete judicial evaluation surveys for over 23,500 of the nation's judges and judicial nominees.
by the National Organization for Women
The Leadership Council on Child Abuse & Interpersonal Violence: Conducts research and educates the public, health professionals and the courts on issues related to abuse including those arising during child custody and assess disputes. The LC submits amicus briefs in key cases involving child abuse and interpersonal violence. If you would like to request an amicus brief for a case click here.
An educational organization, created to help protect children from the dangers of violence in the home.
Council for Family Court Reform: A group of concerned professionals, organizations, and individuals committed to ensuring the protection of children in family courts.
Resource Center on Domestic Violence, Child Protection, and Custody
P.O. Box 8970
Reno, NV 89507
National Domestic Violence Hotline
The 24-hour, toll-free Hotline provides Crisis intervention; Referrals to battered women's shelters and programs, social service agencies, legal programs, and other groups and organizations willing to help; and Resources for battered women and their friends and families.
The hotline responds to a diverse group of individuals, including: Callers from all states, tribes, and territories; Non-English speaking callers; and Hearing-impaired callers. The NDV Hotline is able to put parents in touch with local shelters and domestic violence programs. To locate an organization that offers support and services in your area, contact your State Coalition. They may also have information regarding attorneys who are knowledgeable in custody cases involving a history of violence or abuse. Click here to view State Coalition List
Stop Family Violence's mission is to organize and amplify our nation's collective voice against family violence. SFV is a catalyst for social change - empowering people to take action at the local, state and national level to ensure safety, justice, accountability and healing for people whose lives are affected by violent relationships.
Hart, B. J. (1990). Safety planning for children: Strategizing for unsupervised visits with batterers[On-line]. Unpublished manuscript, Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence. Available:http://www.mincava.umn.edu/hart/safetyp.htm
Managing Your Divorce: A Guide for Battered Women.(1998). by The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. This guide is intended to be used by battered women who are representing themselves, without an attorney, in court cases involving child custody. The guide is available in English, Spanish, Mandarin, and Korean.
Effective Intervention in Domestic Violence & Child Maltreatment Cases: Guidelines for Policy and Practice, by Susan Schechter and Jeffrey L. Edleson, PhD, (1999). The National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges. This publication, also known as the Greenbook, is the official policy of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges and sets forth principles and recommendations for improving the policies and practices of child protection services, domestic violence services, and juvenile courts.
For more websites, see:
Grassroots Organizations for Protective Parents and Their Children
Note: While some of these websites are focused on mothers, however, most offer help and support to both mothers and fathers - the focus is on protecting the rights of protective parents and their children to live free from abuse.
Courageous Kids Network(http://www.courageouskids.net/): This website brings together "courageous kids" -- children who have been forced by court order to live with an allegedly abusive parent. A quote from the website: "We, of the CKN, would like to reach out to kids everywhere who are placed in similar situations. We want you to know you are not alone. Because of the current trend in family courts throughout the nation, many of us have experienced and suffered the same issues in our lives. We believe that together our voices can be heard, and that together our voices can make a difference to change the future."
Custody Preparation for Mothers(http://custodyprepformoms.org/): This website provides practical information for mothers who find themselves in custody disputes.
California Protective Parents Association(http://protectiveparents.com/): Website for the California Protective Parents Association.
Illinois Coalition for Family Court Reform(http://www.icfcr.org/index.html): This group is fighting for family court reform in Illinois.
mothers-of-lost-children.com (http://www.mothers-of-lost-children.com/) This site hosts a national survey and research project to obtain data on the number of protective parents who have lost custody to an allegedly abusive parent. The survey is being conducted by sociologist Dr. Geraldine Stahly. The website also provides practical advice for protective parents involved in a custody case.
Mothers Research & Reference Center(http://www.mrrc.info/): This site offers
information about Parental Alienation Syndrome, a listing of attorney's and advocates for protective parents, information about progress relating to Bills before different State Legislatures trying to fix the injustices against woman by the Court System, etc.
National Coalition For Family Justice(www.ncfj.org): This is a grassroots, gender neutral, 501(c)3 nonprofit organization, founded in 1988 and headquartered in Irvington, New York. CFJ is run by volunteers who are dedicated to promoting justice in marital and family matters and to raising awareness of problems families experience in the divorce and family court system. The CFJ lists chapters in New York, New Hampshire, North Carolina and California as well as contacts in other areas.
Focuses on the needs of children at risk in Family Court custody cases.
Stopfamilyviolence.org: The people's voice for family peace. Stop Family Violence is a national grassroots organization with a mission to organize and amplify our nation's collective voice against family violence.